Immunity rules are part and parcel of the law of international organizations. It has long been accepted that international organizations and their staff need to enjoy immunity from the jurisdiction of national courts.... read more ›
What is the rationale for the grant of immunity to international organizations? The objective for the grant of immunity from local jurisdiction is to avoid the danger of partiality and interference by the host country in the internal workings of these international organizations or agencies.... read more ›
Article II states that the UN premises shall be inviolable and the property of the UN shall be immune from search, requisition, confiscation and so on. Article II further states that the UN shall be exempted from taxes and customs duties, with prohibitions and restrictions on imports and exports.... continue reading ›
International organizations have been shown to be effective at mediating conflicts, yet little work has been done to examine how effective international organizations are at resolving conflicts among their own member states or future member states.... view details ›
The Supreme Court today ruled that, just like foreign countries, international organizations such as the World Bank can be sued in U.S. courts when they are acting as private players in the market.... continue reading ›
Diplomats who represent their country abroad enjoy diplomatic immunity. This protects them against prosecution in the receiving state for the entire period in which they hold their diplomatic post.... see details ›
Diplomats cannot be prosecuted or otherwise forced to appear in criminal court. Nor can they be sued in civil courts, except for their personal (non-official) involvement in certain commercial, real-estate, or inheritance-related matters, or for their separate professional activities.... view details ›
Diplomatic immunity is a principle of international law by which certain foreign government officials are not subject to the jurisdiction of local courts and other authorities for both their official and, to a large extent, their personal activities.... view details ›
While Member State representatives enjoy modified diplomatic privileges and immunities, United Nations officials, i.e. permanently employed staff members, enjoy “functional” immunity which is defined in article V, section 18 (a), as immunity “from legal process in respect of words spoken or written and all acts ...... view details ›
The privileges and immunities accorded to the UN are necessary for the Organization to fulfill its mandates of maintaining peace and security, protecting human rights and the rule of law, and solving the economic, social, cultural, and humanitarian problems of the world's indigent citizens.... see details ›
Individuals, International Organizations (IOs) and other non-state actors (NSAs) were of no concern to international law as they were devoid of international legal personality, which is a prerequisite for the capacity to have international rights and/or obligations.... view details ›
While states have been preoccupied with their own national interests such as security and prestige, international organizations have been actively engaged in promoting cultural exchange, offering humanitarian assistance, extending developmental aid, protecting the environment, and championing human rights.... see details ›
International organizations play a powerful role in helping countries to achieve multiple noble aims, including boosting economic prosperity, promoting social development, improving levels of well-being, preserving human rights, providing humanitarian aid, protecting the environment, and safeguarding peace.... see more ›
Notable examples include the United Nations (UN), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Bank for International Settlements (BIS), Council of Europe (COE), International Labour Organization (ILO) and International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL).... see more ›
- Determine who it is you want to sue. You need to find out if it is a business, an individual, or both.
- Determine the correct jurisdiction. ...
- Draft a demand letter. ...
- Fill up the court forms and register with the court. ...
- Receive your court date.
- Serve documents to the defendant via mail.
The enactment of the Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act in 2016 has allowed U.S. citizens to sue foreign powers over terrorist acts committed on U.S. soil.... view details ›
Laws giving foreign organizations immunity from lawsuits date back to at least 1945 with the “International Organization Immunities Act.” This Act granted international organizations the same immunity from being sued as enjoyed by foreign governments.... read more ›
Sovereign immunity in the United States bars suit against federal, state, and tribal governments, which cannot be sued without their consent.... view details ›
- Innate immunity: Everyone is born with innate (or natural) immunity, a type of general protection. ...
- Adaptive immunity: Adaptive (or active) immunity develops throughout our lives. ...
- Passive immunity: Passive immunity is "borrowed" from another source and it lasts for a short time.
Diplomatic Immunity in the United States
In the United States, the federal government may grant foreign diplomats several levels of immunity based on their rank and task. At the highest level, actual Diplomatic Agents and their immediate families are considered immune from criminal prosecution and civil lawsuits.... continue reading ›
If a member of an embassy or other mission staff has diplomatic immunity, they can avoid a police investigation or prosecution if they commit a crime, or can avoid the need to defend themselves in a civil suit.... continue reading ›
How is diplomatic immunity considered an effective defense? A diplomatic agent who commits a crime in the receiving state is generally exempt from prosecution. On what grounds was a diplomat successfully prosecuted for murders committed in the United States?... continue reading ›
In the case of career consular officers, such arrest may be carried out only if the police officer is operating under the authority of a warrant or similar judicial authorization. Note, however, the discussion below of the public safety prerogatives of police authorities.... view details ›
For example, in a 1983 case the New York City Police Department suspected a diplomat's son of 15 different rapes. The son was allowed to leave the United States without ever being taken to court because he claimed diplomatic immunity.... see more ›
Civilian peacekeeping personnel are international civil servants with immunity from the jurisdiction of any national court. UN officials are granted immunities under provisions in Article V of the Convention on Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations (CPIUN).... see more ›
|United Nations laissez-passer|
|Eligibility||UN officials and officials of the United Nations Specialized Agencies and the IAEA|
|Size||88 mm × 125 mm (3.5 in × 4.9 in)|
It has been shown that international organizations are responsible under international law for breaches of international norms binding upon them. It is accepted, largely, that the rules governing the responsibility of states may apply equally to international organizations, with the necessary modifications.... see details ›
International organizations are counted among the subjects of international law. They are deemed capable of independently bearing rights and obligations under international law. As the ICJ recognized in the Reparation for Injuries opinion, the subjects of international law may come in various shapes and guises.... see details ›
The United Nations and the World Trade Organization have not only acquired legal personality but have also enacted new rules for international law governing state behavior.... read more ›
The power of international organizations has three principal components: tasks; issue scope; and capabilities. When the number of issue areas delegated to IOs grows and when the type of issue areas become more intrusive, IO power increases.... see more ›
- Bright leadership.
- Corporate learning.
- Team effectiveness.
- Inclusive cultures.
An international organization is one that includes members from more than one nation. Some international organizations are very large, such as business corporations. Others are small and dedicated to a specific purpose, such as conservation of a species. Intergovernmental Organizations.... continue reading ›
Once created, they often take on lives of their own, limping along by virtue of inertia and bureaucracy's survival instinct. This can give them the appearance of being supremely important. But more often than not, they are co-opted by the interests of their member states.... continue reading ›
There are two types of international organizations: governmental and non-governmental.... view details ›
It is usual to distinguish between three main types of "international organization", namely: inter-governmental organizations, international non-governmental organizations, and multinational enterprises.... see details ›
1. Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) With $3,124.9 billion in assets, the state-owned Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, Limited (ICBC) is the world's largest and most powerful bank.... see more ›
Diplomatic immunity is a principle of international law by which certain foreign government officials are not subject to the jurisdiction of local courts and other authorities for both their official and, to a large extent, their personal activities.... read more ›
IOs are afforded privileges and immunities to enable them to operate independently on the international plane and achieve their objectives without interference. Privileges and immunities refer to exemptions from local jurisdiction and both indicate what is necessary for the independent functioning of IOs.... view details ›
Diplomats cannot be prosecuted or otherwise forced to appear in criminal court. Nor can they be sued in civil courts, except for their personal (non-official) involvement in certain commercial, real-estate, or inheritance-related matters, or for their separate professional activities.... continue reading ›
Diplomatic Immunity in the United States
In the United States, the federal government may grant foreign diplomats several levels of immunity based on their rank and task. At the highest level, actual Diplomatic Agents and their immediate families are considered immune from criminal prosecution and civil lawsuits.... view details ›